Impact of M&A on the R&D Process. An Empirical Analysis of the Role of Technological and Market Relatedness
IESE Working Paper No. D/500
36 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2003
Date Written: April 2003
While the impact of M&A on R&D and innovation examined at the aggregate level left inconclusive evidence, we find that at the level of the R&D process both the technological and the market relatedness between the target and the acquirer are helpful dimensions to identify effects. Using information on 31 in-depth cases of individual M&A deals, we show that technological relatedness between M&A partners directly affects the inputs and organizational structure of the R&D process. M&A partners that operate in the same technological fields tend to reduce their R&D effort and rationalize the R&D process after the M&A compared to firms that are active in complementary technological fields. These firms will also face less technological competition in the technology market, but risk creating a more bureaucratic R&D process with a less motivated workforce. Market relatedness between partners, while having comparable aggregate effects on the R&D process, operates on different dimensions of the R&D process. Former rivals that engage in a M&A are significantly less likely to expand into new R&D fields or leverage their technological competences across the products and markets of the new entity. Non-rival firms that join forces, in contrast, significantly increase R&D output and productivity through these activities.
Keywords: M&A, R&D, scale & scope, market relatedness, technological relatedness
JEL Classification: D21, O31, O32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation