Environmental Assessment of Daily Mobility for the Eco-Design of Neighbourhoods: Coupling Mobility Microsimulation and Life-Cycle Assessment

52 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2023

See all articles by Cyrille Francois

Cyrille Francois

Gustave Eiffel University

Nicolas Coulombel

Ecole des Ponts ParisTech

Abstract

Mitigating environmental impacts of new projects has become central in urban planning. Compared to building modelling, daily mobility modelling of neighbourhoods is not well developed and faces two major challenges: the local scale and the numerous interactions occurring between the neighbourhood subsystems (buildings, energy …). This paper aims to develop an environmental assessment methodology of daily mobility for urban neighbourhoods, which is to be easily replicated and applied for the eco-design of future urban projects. We develop a microsimulation model to represent mobility at an individual scale, and couple it with a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for private cars and public transport in order to provide a holistic environmental assessment. We then apply the methodology to a real neighbourhood project in the Paris suburbs. The model is calibrated using census data and regional surveys providing information on population, jobs, dwellings, mobility and car fleets. Aggregated results are compared to previous studies and present low environmental impacts because of the central location of the project considered. Disaggregated analyses provide diverse recommendations and levers of actions for the neighbourhood design by highlighting major contributing profiles (among employees and residents) in relation to property programme characteristics (e.g. parking, dwelling size, rent-controlled housing).

Keywords: Daily mobility, Neighbourhood assessment, Life Cycle Assessment, mobility microsimulation, transport impacts

Suggested Citation

Francois, Cyrille and Coulombel, Nicolas, Environmental Assessment of Daily Mobility for the Eco-Design of Neighbourhoods: Coupling Mobility Microsimulation and Life-Cycle Assessment. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4633527 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4633527

Cyrille Francois (Contact Author)

Gustave Eiffel University ( email )

France

Nicolas Coulombel

Ecole des Ponts ParisTech ( email )

6-8 avenue Blaise-Pascal, Cité Descartes
Champs-sur-Marne
Marne-la-Vallée Cedex 2, 77455
France

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