The Right to Science: Another Tool to Repair Gender Inequalities in Sciences and Research

Forthcoming in: Andrea Broderick and Jennifer Sellin (eds.) Socio-economic Rights, Inequalities and Vulnerability in Times of Crises: Building Back Better, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2024.

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2023-37

Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2023-14

19 Pages Posted: 29 Nov 2023

See all articles by Yvonne Donders

Yvonne Donders

Amsterdam Center for International Law

Date Written: November 23, 2023

Abstract

Although the human right to science was included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 75 years ago, women are still disadvantaged in participation, access and contribution to sciences, and in the enjoyment of their benefits. Most inequalities are caused by persistent factors such as gender stereotypes and biases, but the COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated them even further. This chapter shows that the right to science, in combination with the prohibition of all forms of discrimination, clearly implies that States have positive obligations to ensure that women enjoy their rights to equally access, participate in and contribute to sciences and research. The elimination of discrimination, including gender stereotypes, is a core obligation that States should respect, protect and fulfil under all circumstances, including in times of crises. This may also require special (temporary) measures in order to finally close the seemingly ineradicable gap between women and men in sciences.

Keywords: right to science, equality, discrimination, gender, stereotypes, UNESCO

JEL Classification: K33

Suggested Citation

Donders, Yvonne, The Right to Science: Another Tool to Repair Gender Inequalities in Sciences and Research (November 23, 2023). Forthcoming in: Andrea Broderick and Jennifer Sellin (eds.) Socio-economic Rights, Inequalities and Vulnerability in Times of Crises: Building Back Better, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2024., Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2023-37, Amsterdam Center for International Law No. 2023-14, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4642346

Yvonne Donders (Contact Author)

Amsterdam Center for International Law ( email )

P.O. Box 1030
Amsterdam, 1000 BA
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://home.medewerker.uva.nl/y.m.donders/

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