Hierarchical Governance and the Refugee Compact in Central America: Host States, Containment, and the Absence of International Resettlement

Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies

17 Pages Posted: 20 Dec 2023

See all articles by Craig Damian Smith

Craig Damian Smith

York University - Centre for Refugee Studies

Date Written: November 10, 2023

Abstract

Central America is experiencing rapidly-accelerating displacement crises. 400,000 have fled to neighboring states, and 500,000 throughout the Americas. In response, the international community implemented the Global Compact on Refugees through the MIRPS regional mechanism (Marco Integral Regional de Protección y Soluciones). Though framed as a platform for responsibility-sharing, MIRPS focuses narrowly on host states, and ignores resettlement or regularized mobility pathways. This article uses an International Relations lens to argue that the absence of regional governance means the scope for responsibility-sharing is dictated by hierarchical power dynamics and extraterritorial containment agendas, with regional states complying through coercion or allying.

Keywords: Central America, refugee, externalization, Global Compact of Refugees; hierarchy; North America

Suggested Citation

Smith, Craig Damian, Hierarchical Governance and the Refugee Compact in Central America: Host States, Containment, and the Absence of International Resettlement (November 10, 2023). Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4650557

Craig Damian Smith (Contact Author)

York University - Centre for Refugee Studies ( email )

4700 Keele St.
York Lanes
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada

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