World Markets for Raising New Capital
56 Pages Posted: 27 Dec 2004
Date Written: December 12, 2003
Financial markets are increasingly integrated globally. We examine the extent to which firms from countries around the world rely on different sources of capital, the locations where they raise capital, and the factors that affect these choices during the 1990-2001 period. International security issuances are widespread, totaling about $4.6 trillion. International debt issuances are substantially more common than equity issues, accounting for over 90% of the international security issues, and about 20% of all public debt issues. In contrast, international equity issues account for about 4.4% of all international security issues, and about 6% of all equity issues during the our sample period. Market timing considerations appear to be very important in security issuance decisions. Firms all around the world are more likely to issue equity prior to periods of low market returns. Most of the cross-border equity is issued in the U.S. and the U.K., and these issues tend to occur in "hot" markets, and prior to relatively low market returns. Finally, firms issue more debt when interest rates are lower, and issue debt overseas when interest rates in the place of issue are lower than they are at home.
Keywords: International Capital Raising, Timing of Security Issues
JEL Classification: G3, F3
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation