Borophene: A 2D Wonder Shaping the Future of Nanotechnology and Materials Science

Mishra, Raghvendra kumar, Sarkar, Jayati, Verma, Kartikey and Chianella, Iva and Yazdani Nezhad, Hamed and Goel, Saurav, Borophene: A 2D Wonder Shaping the Future of Nanotechnology and Materials Science, (2024), Nano Materials Science, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoms.2024.03.007

33 Pages Posted: 20 Dec 2023 Last revised: 10 Apr 2024

See all articles by Raghvendra kumar Mishra

Raghvendra kumar Mishra

Cranfield University - School of Aerospace, Transport and Manufacturing

Kartikey Verma

Allements Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd

Iva Chianella

Cranfield University

Hamed Yazdani Nezhad

City University London

Saurav Goel

London South Bank University - School of Engineering

Jayati Sarkar

IIT Delhi

Date Written: December 5, 2023

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted considerable research interest due to their precisely defined properties and versatile applications. In this realm, borophene - a single atomic sheet of boron atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice - has emerged as a promising candidate. While borophenes were theoretically predicted to have unique structural, optical, and electronic properties, the experimental synthesis of crystalline borophene sheets was first demonstrated on metal substrates in 2015, marking a crucial milestone. Since then, research efforts have focused on controlling the synthesis of semiconducting borophene polymorphs and exploring their novel physical characteristics. This review aims to explore the potential of 2D materials, specifically borophene, in various technological fields such as batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and more. The analysis emphasises meticulous scrutiny of synthesis techniques due to their fundamental importance in realising borophene's properties. Specifically, the high carrier mobilities, tuneable bandgaps, and exceptional thermal conductivity of borophene are highlighted. By providing a comprehensive outlook on the significance of borophene in advancing materials science and technologies, this review contributes to shaping the landscape of 2D material research.

Keywords: Borophene, Electronic properties, Transistors, Energy harvesting, Flexible electronics

Suggested Citation

Mishra, Raghvendra kumar and Verma, Kartikey and Chianella, Iva and Yazdani Nezhad, Hamed and Goel, Saurav and Sarkar, Jayati, Borophene: A 2D Wonder Shaping the Future of Nanotechnology and Materials Science (December 5, 2023). Mishra, Raghvendra kumar, Sarkar, Jayati, Verma, Kartikey and Chianella, Iva and Yazdani Nezhad, Hamed and Goel, Saurav, Borophene: A 2D Wonder Shaping the Future of Nanotechnology and Materials Science, (2024), Nano Materials Science, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoms.2024.03.007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4666701 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4666701

Raghvendra kumar Mishra (Contact Author)

Cranfield University - School of Aerospace, Transport and Manufacturing ( email )

Cranfield
United Kingdom

Kartikey Verma

Allements Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd ( email )

Allements Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd, Lucknow, Utta
Lucknow, UT 226021
India

Iva Chianella

Cranfield University ( email )

Cranfield
Bedfordshire MK43 OAL, MK43 0AL
United Kingdom

Hamed Yazdani Nezhad

City University London ( email )

Northampton Square
London, EC1V OHB
United Kingdom

Saurav Goel

London South Bank University - School of Engineering ( email )

103 Borough Road
London, SE1 0AA
United Kingdom

Jayati Sarkar

IIT Delhi ( email )

Delhi
India

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