Updated Estimates of the Impact of Prenatal Care on Birthweight Outcomes by Race

19 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2008

See all articles by Richard G. Frank

Richard G. Frank

Harvard Medical School; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Donna M. Strobino

Johns Hopkins University - School of Hygiene and Public Health

David S. Salkever

UMBC, Department of Public Policy

Catherine A. Jackson

University of Maryland

Date Written: February 1991

Abstract

This paper estimates a quasi-structural birthweight production function using data on counties for the years 1975-1984. The analysis focuses on the effects of first trimester initiation of prenatal care, controlling for use of abortion services, cigarette smoking, birth order and income. Fixed effects model is used to control for unmeasured differences in health endowments across counties. The results indicate that early first trimester initiation of prenatal care leads to a reduction in low birthweight for both blacks and whites. Differences in use of prenatal care by race explain only a small part of the black-white differences in the fraction of low birthweight births.

Suggested Citation

Frank, Richard G. and Strobino, Donna M. and Salkever, David S. and Jackson, Catherine A., Updated Estimates of the Impact of Prenatal Care on Birthweight Outcomes by Race (February 1991). NBER Working Paper No. w3624. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=468360

Richard G. Frank (Contact Author)

Harvard Medical School ( email )

Department of Health Care Policy
Boston, MA 02115
United States
617-432-0178 (Phone)
617-432-1219 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Donna M. Strobino

Johns Hopkins University - School of Hygiene and Public Health

Baltimore, MD 21205
United States

David S. Salkever

UMBC, Department of Public Policy ( email )

1000 Hilltop Circle
Baltimore, MD 21250

Catherine A. Jackson

University of Maryland

College Park
College Park, MD 20742
United States

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