Thermometer of Discrimination: Analyzing the Nexus between Temperature and Hate Crimes

23 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2024 Last revised: 1 Mar 2024

See all articles by Michele Baggio

Michele Baggio

University of Connecticut - Department of Economics

Shinsuke Uchida

Nagoya City University - Graduate School of Economics

Abstract

Using daily variation in temperature and hate crime incidents across US counties, this paper estimates the impact of temperature on episodes of discriminatory violence. Results indicate the existence of significant contemporaneous effects of temperature on hate crimes. The intensity of such effects is higher on days with higher temperatures and lower on colder days. Our estimates also highlight a high degree of heterogeneity of these effects depending on the local socio-economic context. These effects are stronger in counties with a high share of unemployed, uneducated, and low-income population, as well as where racial fractionalization is large. Temperature effects do not depend on political orientation or the degree of political polarization of the population.

Keywords: Key Words: Climate change, Discrimination, Hate crime, Temperature, Weather

JEL Classification: K38, Q54, J1

Suggested Citation

Baggio, Michele and Uchida, Shinsuke, Thermometer of Discrimination: Analyzing the Nexus between Temperature and Hate Crimes. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4712406 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4712406

Michele Baggio (Contact Author)

University of Connecticut - Department of Economics ( email )

365 Fairfield Way, U-1063
Storrs, CT 06269-1063
United States

Shinsuke Uchida

Nagoya City University - Graduate School of Economics ( email )

Nagoya
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/view/shinsuke-yagi-uchida/home

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