Impact of Majoritarian Politics on Crimes Against Caste-Based Minorities

22 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2024

See all articles by Devika Hazra

Devika Hazra

California State University, Los Angeles

Date Written: February 14, 2024


Can a majoritarian political party being in power lead to an increase in crimes against minorities? I examine this question in the context of India where the right-wing nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) won an unprecedented victory in the 2014 national elections and where caste-based crimes are a major concern. With states where BJP won majority votes in 2014 being the treatment group, I use a difference-in-difference research design and administrative crime data from 2006-2019 to estimate the impact of BJP's electoral victory on violence against caste-based minorities. Results indicate that overall there is a significant increase in caste-based crimes - about 42% - in treated states compared to control states following the 2014 electoral win of BJP. Falsification tests, alternative specifications and additional robustness checks demonstrate the validity of the main results

Keywords: Crimes against minorities, Caste-based crimes, Majoritarian Politics, India, Difference-in-Difference

JEL Classification: D63, K42, J11, O53

Suggested Citation

Hazra, Devika, Impact of Majoritarian Politics on Crimes Against Caste-Based Minorities (February 14, 2024). Available at SSRN: or

Devika Hazra (Contact Author)

California State University, Los Angeles ( email )

5151 State University Dr
Los Angeles, CA 90032
United States

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