Interaction between Real Options and Financial Hedging: Fact or Fiction in Managerial Decision-Making
36 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2003
This empirical study of the exchange rate exposure management of Danish non-financial companies shows that decisions on whether or not to financially hedge an exchange rate exposure is affected by the possibility to react to changes in exchange rates by undertaking various forms of real actions (exercising real options) such as to enter new markets, change suppliers, shift production, among others. The results show that the combined interaction of a firm's size, exports, and foreign subsidiaries, as well as the firm's managerial emphasis on flexibility, are important to real options usage. These findings are important to firms in other countries with open economies.
Keywords: Exchange rate exposure management, Financial hedging, Operational hedging, Real options
JEL Classification: F23, F31, G15
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