Economic and Demographic Factors Affecting Mangrove Loss in the Coastal Provinces of Thailand, 1979 - 1996

Ambio, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 351-357, June 2002

Posted: 2 Mar 2004

See all articles by Edward B. Barbier

Edward B. Barbier

Colorado State University, Fort Collins - Department of Economics

Mark Cox

University of York (UK)

Abstract

The following paper analyzes the economic and demographic factors determining the conversion of mangroves in the coastal provinces of Thailand to commercial shrimp farming. Mangrove conversion is therefore determined by the returns to shrimp farmers (i.e. the price of shrimp), the input costs to farming shrimp (e.g. feed price and wages) and the accessibility of mangrove areas. Additional exogenous influences, such as income per capita, population growth and in-migration (i.e. the number of shrimp farms) are also important. Both a mangrove conversion and a shrimp farm expansion relationship are estimated empirically through a panel analysis across 21 coastal provinces of Thailand over 1979-1996. Results show that the price of shrimp, minimum wage, distance from market, feed price, population growth, income per capita and shrimp farm density all have important influences on mangrove loss due to shrimp farming in Thailand.

Keywords: Mangroves, Thailand, deforestation, shrimp farming, panel analysis, economic factors.

JEL Classification: O13, Q22, Q23, Q24

Suggested Citation

Barbier, Edward B. and Cox, Mark, Economic and Demographic Factors Affecting Mangrove Loss in the Coastal Provinces of Thailand, 1979 - 1996. Ambio, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 351-357, June 2002. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=475203

Edward B. Barbier (Contact Author)

Colorado State University, Fort Collins - Department of Economics ( email )

Fort Collins, CO 80523-1771
United States

Mark Cox

University of York (UK) ( email )

Heslington
York YO10 5DD
United Kingdom

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