Will Artificial Intelligence Get in the Way of Achieving Gender Equality?

53 Pages Posted: 11 Apr 2024

See all articles by Siri Isaksson

Siri Isaksson

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH)

Catalina Franco Buitrago

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH)

Daniel Carvajal

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

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Date Written: March 13, 2024

Abstract

The promise of generative AI to increase human productivity relies on developing skills to become proficient at it. There is reason to suspect that women and men use AI tools differently, which could result in productivity and payoff gaps in a labor market increasingly demanding knowledge in AI. Thus, it is important to understand if there are gender differences in AI-usage among current students. We conduct a survey at the Norwegian School of Economics collecting use and attitudes towards ChatGPT, a measure of AI proficiency, and responses to policies allowing or forbidding ChatGPT use. Three key findings emerge: first, female students report a significantly lower use of ChatGPT compared to their male counterparts. Second, male students are more skilled at writing successful prompts, even after accounting for higher ChatGPT usage. Third, imposing university bans on ChatGPT use widens the gender gap in intended use substantially. We provide insights into potential factors influencing the AI adoption gender gap and highlight the role of appropriate encouragement and policies in allowing female students to benefit from AI usage, thereby mitigating potential impacts on later labor market outcomes.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence, ChatGPT, gender, education, technology adoption

JEL Classification: I24; J16; J24; O33

Suggested Citation

Isaksson, Siri and Franco Buitrago, Catalina and Carvajal, Daniel, Will Artificial Intelligence Get in the Way of Achieving Gender Equality? (March 13, 2024). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4758197 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4758197

Siri Isaksson (Contact Author)

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/view/siriisaksson/home

Catalina Franco Buitrago

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) ( email )

Helleveien 30
Bergen, NO-5045
Norway

Daniel Carvajal

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://danielcarvajalz.github.io

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