Noncognitive Skills and the Gender Gaps in Education and Labor Market Outcomes

56 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2024

See all articles by Jeonghyeok Kim

Jeonghyeok Kim

University of Houston - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 13, 2024

Abstract

As women surpass men in educational attainment, researchers suggest women have lower psychic costs of schooling. To understand the implications, I incorporate noncognitive skills as a factor lowering psychic costs into the Becker model of human capital, generating predictions about gender gaps in skills, education, and wages. Using NLSY97, I find women’s higher noncognitive skills explain one-third of the educational gap. While women overall have higher cognitive skills, they exhibit lower cognitive skills compared to men at the same educational level. As a result, the skill gaps from educational sorting explain 12 percent of the wage gap for college graduates.

Keywords: gender gaps, noncognitive skills, educational sorting

JEL Classification: J16, J24, I26

Suggested Citation

Kim, Jeonghyeok, Noncognitive Skills and the Gender Gaps in Education and Labor Market Outcomes (March 13, 2024). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4758383 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4758383

Jeonghyeok Kim (Contact Author)

University of Houston - Department of Economics ( email )

Houston, TX 77204-5882
United States

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