Will Artificial Intelligence Get in the Way of Achieving Gender Equality?

58 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2024

See all articles by Daniel Carvajal

Daniel Carvajal

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics

Catalina Franco

Centre for Applied Research at NHH

Siri Isaksson

Stockholm School of Economics, Department of Economics

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Date Written: March 14, 2024

Abstract

The promise of generative AI to increase human productivity relies on developing skills to become proficient at it. There is reason to suspect that women and men use AI tools differently, which could result in productivity and payoff gaps in a labor market increasingly demanding knowledge in AI. Thus, it is important to understand if there are gender differences in AI-usage among current students. We conduct a survey at the Norwegian School of Economics collecting use and attitudes towards ChatGPT, a measure of AI proficiency, and responses to policies allowing or forbidding ChatGPT use. Three key findings emerge: first, female students report a significantly lower use of ChatGPT compared to their male counterparts. Second, male students are more skilled at writing successful prompts, even after accounting for higher ChatGPT usage. Third, imposing university bans on ChatGPT use widens the gender gap in intended use substantially. We provide insights into potential factors influencing the AI adoption gender gap and highlight the role of appropriate encouragement and policies in allowing female students to benefit from AI usage, thereby mitigating potential impacts on later labor market outcomes.

Keywords: Artificial intelligence, ChatGTP, gender, education, technology adoption

JEL Classification: I24, J16, J24, O33

Suggested Citation

Carvajal, Daniel and Franco, Catalina and Isaksson, Siri, Will Artificial Intelligence Get in the Way of Achieving Gender Equality? (March 14, 2024). NHH Dept. of Economics Discussion Paper No. 03, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4759218 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4759218

Daniel Carvajal

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://danielcarvajalz.github.io

Catalina Franco

Centre for Applied Research at NHH ( email )

Bergen
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://catalina.franco.com

Siri Isaksson (Contact Author)

Stockholm School of Economics, Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 6501
Sveavagen 65
Stockholm
Sweden

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