The Consequences and Costs of Maternal Substance Abuse in New York City

37 Pages Posted: 31 Jul 2007 Last revised: 8 May 2008

See all articles by Theodore Joyce

Theodore Joyce

CUNY Baruch College - Zicklin School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Andrew Racine

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) - NY Office; Montefiore Medical Center

Naci H. Mocan

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: February 1992

Abstract

We use a pooled time-series cross-section of live births in New York City between 1980 and 1989 to investigate the dramatic rise in low birthweight, especially among Blacks, that occurred in the mid 1980s. After controlling for other risk factors, we estimate that the number of excess low birthweight births attributable to illicit substance abuse over this period ranged from approximately 1,900 to 3,800 resulting in excess neonatal admission costs of between $22 and $53 million. We conclude that illicit substance use was a major contributory factor in rapid rise of low birthweight among Blacks in New York City in the latter part of the 1980s. The impact of prenatal illicit substance use on Whites and Hispanics is less conclusive.

Suggested Citation

Joyce, Theodore J. and Racine, Andrew and Mocan, Naci H., The Consequences and Costs of Maternal Substance Abuse in New York City (February 1992). NBER Working Paper No. w3987, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=476142

Theodore J. Joyce (Contact Author)

CUNY Baruch College - Zicklin School of Business ( email )

17 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10010
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
New York, NY 10016-4309
United States

Andrew Racine

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) - NY Office ( email )

365 Fifth Avenue, 5th Floor
50 East 42nd Street, 17th Floor
New York, NY 10016-4309
United States

Montefiore Medical Center ( email )

111 East 210th Street
Bronx, NY 10467

Naci H. Mocan

Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge - Department of Economics ( email )

Department of economics
Baton Rouge, LA 70803-6308
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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