Access to Science and Innovation in the Developing World

62 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2024

See all articles by Alexander Cuntz

Alexander Cuntz

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Frank Mueller-Langer

University of the Bundeswehr Munich; Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; European Commission, Joint Research Center

Alessio Muscarnera

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Prince C. Oguguo

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Marc Scheufen

German Economic Institute

Date Written: April 2024

Abstract

We examine the implications of lowering barriers to online access to scientific publications for science and innovation in developing countries. We investigate whether and how free or low-cost access to scientific publications through the UN-led Research For Life (R4L) initiative leads to more scientific publications and clinical trials of authors affiliated with research institutions in developing countries. We find that free or reduced-fee access to the health science literature through Hinari (WHO-led subprogramme) increases the scientific publication output and clinical trials output of institutions in developing countries. In contrast, once we control for selection bias, we do not find empirical support for a positive Hinari effect on knowledge spillovers and local institutions’ research input into global patenting, as measured by paper citations in patent documents. Main findings can be generalized to other R4L subprogrammes and are likely to also apply to the WIPO-led Access to Research for Development and Innovation (ARDI) programme.

Suggested Citation

Cuntz, Alexander and Mueller-Langer, Frank and Muscarnera, Alessio and Oguguo, Prince C. and Scheufen, Marc, Access to Science and Innovation in the Developing World (April 2024). World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Economic Research Working Paper Series No. 78, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4792584 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4792584

Alexander Cuntz (Contact Author)

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) ( email )

34, chemin des Colombettes
Geneva 20, CH-1211
Switzerland

Frank Mueller-Langer

University of the Bundeswehr Munich ( email )

Munich
Germany

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Munich
Germany

European Commission, Joint Research Center

Seville
Spain

Alessio Muscarnera

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) ( email )

34, chemin des Colombettes
Geneva 20, CH-1211
Switzerland

Prince C. Oguguo

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

Marc Scheufen

German Economic Institute ( email )

Konrad-Adenauer-Ufer 21
Köln, 50459
Germany

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