Economic Shocks and Assimilation Policies: Phylloxera and Educational Expansion in French Algeria

34 Pages Posted: 3 May 2024

See all articles by Mara Squicciarini

Mara Squicciarini

Bocconi University

Gianandrea Lanzara

Bocconi University - IGIER - Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research

Sara Lazzaroni

University of Bologna, Department of Economics

Paolo Masella

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Date Written: May 3, 2024

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of a shock, the phylloxera crisis in 19th-century France, on assimilation policies towards the native population of French Algeria. In particular, assembling a novel dataset on French MPs and their parliamentary speeches, we find that MPs coming from areas hit harder by the phylloxera, were more likely to: i) use keywords related to the impact of phylloxera and wine production; ii) express greater interest and support towards policies aimed at educating the native population. The latter pattern becomes visible approximately ten years after the phylloxera crisis, consistent with the view that organizing production requires time.

Keywords: assimilation, minorities, education, 19th-century France

JEL Classification: J15, Z10, I25

Suggested Citation

Squicciarini, Mara and Lanzara, Gianandrea and Lazzaroni, Sara and Masella, Paolo, Economic Shocks and Assimilation Policies: Phylloxera and Educational Expansion in French Algeria (May 3, 2024). BAFFI CAREFIN Centre Research Paper No. 221, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4816096 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4816096

Mara Squicciarini (Contact Author)

Bocconi University ( email )

Via Sarfatti, 25
Milan, MI 20136
Italy

Gianandrea Lanzara

Bocconi University - IGIER - Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milan, 20136
Italy

Sara Lazzaroni

University of Bologna, Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40100
Italy

Paolo Masella

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Bologna
Italy

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