Are Left-Wing Party Strength and Corporatism Good for the Environment? A Panel Analysis of 21 OECD Countries, 1980-1998

40 Pages Posted: 30 Dec 2003 Last revised: 28 Mar 2014

See all articles by Eric Neumayer

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

Date Written: July 5, 2010

Abstract

The effect of left-wing party strength and corporatism on air pollution levels in up to 21 OECD countries over the period 1980 or 1990-1999 is tested with both fixed-effects and random-effects estimators. Controlling for scale, composition, technique as well as aggregate time effects, robust evidence is found that parliamentary green/left-libertarian party strength is associated with lower pollution levels. The rise of ecologically oriented parties has thus had a real impact on air pollution levels. Traditional left-wing party strength is possibly also associated with lower pollution levels, but the evidence is less consistent and robust. Combined left-wing party strength in government is possibly associated with higher pollution levels, but this result is also far from robust and is practically small. No evidence is found for a consistent systematic impact of corporatism on pollution levels.

Keywords: Green parties, Ecological parties, Left-libertarian parties, Corporatism, Environmental policy

Suggested Citation

Neumayer, Eric, Are Left-Wing Party Strength and Corporatism Good for the Environment? A Panel Analysis of 21 OECD Countries, 1980-1998 (July 5, 2010). Ecological Economics, Vol. 45, No. 2, pp. 203-220, 2003. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=482024

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London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) ( email )

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