What Explains the Uneven Take-Up of Iso 14001 at the Global Level? A Panel Data Analysis

Environment and Planning A, Vol. 36, pp. 823-839, 2004

42 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2010

See all articles by Eric Neumayer

Eric Neumayer

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)

Richard Perkins

University of Plymouth - School of Geography

Abstract

Since its release in the mid-1990s, close to 37,000 facilities have been certified to ISO 14001, the international, voluntary standard for environmental management systems. Yet, despite claims that the standard can be readily adapted to very different corporate and geographic settings, its take-up has been highly geographically variable. This paper contributes to a growing body of work concerned with explaining the uneven diffusion of ISO 14001 at the global level. Drawing from the existing theoretical and empirical literature we develop a series of hypotheses about how various economic, market and regulatory factors influence the national count of ISO 14001 certifications. These hypotheses are then tested using econometric estimation techniques using data for a panel of 142 developed and developing countries. We find that per capita ISO 14001 counts are positively correlated with income per capita, stock of foreign direct investment, exports of goods and services to Europe and Japan, and pressure from civil society. Conversely, productivity and levels of state intervention are negatively correlated. The paper finishes by offering a number of recommendations to policy-makers concerned with accelerating the diffusion of voluntary environmental standards.

Suggested Citation

Neumayer, Eric and Perkins, Richard, What Explains the Uneven Take-Up of Iso 14001 at the Global Level? A Panel Data Analysis. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 36, pp. 823-839, 2004. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=483085

Eric Neumayer (Contact Author)

London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+44 207 955 7598 (Phone)
+44 207 955 7412 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://personal.lse.ac.uk/neumayer

Richard Perkins

University of Plymouth - School of Geography ( email )

Drake Circus
Plymouth, PL4 8AA
United Kingdom

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