A Multitemporal Snapshot of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Israel-Gaza Conflict [updated pre-print]

29 Pages Posted: 6 Jun 2024

See all articles by Benjamin Neimark

Benjamin Neimark

Queen Mary University of London

Frederick Otu-Larbi

Lancaster University

Patrick Bigger

The Climate and Community Project (CCP)

Linsey Cottrell

Conflict and Environment Observatory

Reuben Larbi

Lancaster University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 06, 2024

Abstract

The projected emissions from the first 120 days of the Israel-Gaza conflict were greater than the annual emissions of 26 individual countries and territories. ❖ If we include war infrastructure built by both Israel and Hamas, including the Hamas' tunnel network and Israel's protective fence or 'Iron Wall,' the total emissions increase to more than over 36 individual countries and territories. ❖ The carbon costs of reconstructing Gaza are huge. Rebuilding Gaza will entail total emissions figure higher than the annual emissions of over 135 countries, putting on them par with that of Sweden and Portugal. ❖ Our upper estimate on all pre-/post-war activities are comparable to the burning of 31,000 kilo tonnes of coal-the amount of which can power about 15.8 coal-fired power plants in one year. 1 ❖ The ad-hoc nature of these calculations point to the urgent need for mandatory military emissions reporting for both war and peacetime through the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Keywords: Climate Change, Global Militaries, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Israel-Gaza

Suggested Citation

Neimark, Benjamin and Otu-Larbi, Frederick and Bigger, Patrick and Cottrell, Linsey and Larbi, Reuben, A Multitemporal Snapshot of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Israel-Gaza Conflict [updated pre-print] (June 06, 2024). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4855947 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4855947

Benjamin Neimark (Contact Author)

Queen Mary University of London ( email )

Frederick Otu-Larbi

Lancaster University ( email )

Lancaster LA1 4YX
United Kingdom

Patrick Bigger

The Climate and Community Project (CCP)

Linsey Cottrell

Conflict and Environment Observatory ( email )

Reuben Larbi

Lancaster University ( email )

Lancaster LA1 4YX
United Kingdom

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