Female Labor Force Intermittency and Current Earnings: A Switching Regression Model with Unknown Sample Selection

FRB of Atlanta Working Paper No. 2003-33

40 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2004

See all articles by Julie L. Hotchkiss

Julie L. Hotchkiss

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta; Georgia State University - Department of Economics

M. Melinda Pitts

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Date Written: December 2003

Abstract

Using the Health and Retirement Survey, this paper finds a 16 percent selectivity-corrected wage penalty among women who engage in intermittent labor market activity. This penalty is experienced at a low level of intermittent activity but appears not to play an important role in a woman's decision to undertake such activity. In addition, employer preferences appear to play a larger role than human capital atrophy in the determination of the wage penalty.

Keywords: Intermittent participation, wage, gender differentials

JEL Classification: J22, J31, C30

Suggested Citation

Hotchkiss, Julie L. and Pitts, M. Melinda, Female Labor Force Intermittency and Current Earnings: A Switching Regression Model with Unknown Sample Selection (December 2003). FRB of Atlanta Working Paper No. 2003-33. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=487382 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.487382

Julie L. Hotchkiss

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta ( email )

Research Department
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Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

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United States

M. Melinda Pitts (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta ( email )

1000 Peachtree Street, NE
Atlanta, GA 30309-4470
United States
404-498-7009 (Phone)
404-498-8956 (Fax)

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