Creative Destruction and Productivity Growth in an Emerging Economy: Evidence from Slovenian Manufacturing

41 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2004

See all articles by Jan De Loecker

Jan De Loecker

Princeton University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Jozef Konings

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - LICOS - Centrum voor Transitie-economie; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2003

Abstract

In most transition countries the aggregate level evidence suggests that most industries are just destroying jobs, due to the legacy of communism where over-manning levels of employment were the norm. This paper sheds light on whether the transition process in Slovenian manufacturing has been one of just destruction or in contrast one of creative destruction. To this end we start by documenting gross job flows for the Slovenian manufacturing sector between 1994 and 2000. In contrast to slowly reforming transition economies where the transition process in manufacturing is characterized by little job creation and high job destruction, we find for Slovenian manufacturing a process of both substantial job creation and destruction. This indicates that restructuring in Slovenia involves a substantial reallocation process. We find higher job reallocation in private and small firms where the contribution of entry and exit to the job reallocation process is higher. We further use the Olley-Pakes methodology to estimate total factor productivity (TFP) and show that TFP has increased in most sectors. We find that this is mainly driven by existing firms becoming more efficient and by the net entry process, i.e. more efficient firms enter the industry.

Keywords: creative destruction, total factor productivity, reallocation

JEL Classification: L60, D21, P20

Suggested Citation

De Loecker, Jan and Konings, Jozef, Creative Destruction and Productivity Growth in an Emerging Economy: Evidence from Slovenian Manufacturing (December 2003). IZA Discussion Paper No. 971, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=487407

Jan De Loecker

Princeton University - Department of Economics ( email )

Princeton, NJ 08544-1021
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

HOME PAGE: http://pages.stern.nyu.edu/~jdeloeck/

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Jozef Konings (Contact Author)

Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) - LICOS - Centrum voor Transitie-economie ( email )

Waaistraat 6 - box 3511
Leuven, 3000
Belgium
+32 16 326 589 (Phone)
+32 16 326 599 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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