Spatial Inequality in Education and Health Care in China

31 Pages Posted: 19 Jan 2004

See all articles by Ravi Kanbur

Ravi Kanbur

Cornell University; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Xiaobo Zhang

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2003

Abstract

While increasing income inequality in China has been commented on and studied extensively, relatively little analysis is available on inequality in other dimensions of human development. Using data from different sources, this Paper presents some basic facts on the evolution of spatial inequalities in education and healthcare in China over the long run. In the era of economic reforms, as the foundations of education and healthcare provision have changed, so has the distribution of illiteracy and infant mortality. Across provinces and within provinces, between rural and urban areas and within rural and urban areas, social inequalities have increased substantially since the reforms began.

Keywords: Illiteracy, infant mortality rate, spatial inequality in China, polarization

JEL Classification: D63, O15, O18

Suggested Citation

Kanbur, Ravi and Zhang, Xiaobo, Spatial Inequality in Education and Health Care in China (December 2003). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 4136. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=488962

Ravi Kanbur (Contact Author)

Cornell University ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.kanbur.dyson.cornell.edu

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Xiaobo Zhang

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

2033 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
United States
202-862-5677 (Phone)
202-467-4439 (Fax)

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