A Reconsideration of Tax Shield Valuation
11 Pages Posted: 28 May 2004
Date Written: August 2, 2004
A quarter-century ago, Miles and Ezzell (1980) solved the valuation problem of a firm that follows a constant leverage ratio L = D/S. However, to this day, the proper discounting of free cash flows and the computation of WACC are often misunderstood by scholars and practitioners alike. For example, it is common for textbooks and fairness opinions to discount free cash flows at WACC with beta input Bs = [1+(1-t)L]Bu, although the latter is not consistent with the assumption of constant leverage. This confusion extends to the valuation of tax shields and the proper implementation of adjusted present value procedures. In this paper, we derive a general result on the value of tax shields, obtain the correct value of tax shields for perpetuities, and state the correct valuation formulas for arbitrary cash flows under a constant leverage financial policy.
Keywords: Tax shield valuation, WACC, APV, cost of capital, leveraged beta
JEL Classification: G13, G30, G31, G32, G33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation