Child Care Choices by Italian Households

34 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2004

See all articles by Daniela Del Boca

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Marilena Locatelli

University of Turin - Department of Economics

Daniela Vuri

University of Rome Tor Vergata; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Date Written: January 2004

Abstract

In spite of relatively generous public subsidies and a reputation for high quality, only a very limited proportion of Italian families use public child care. In this paper we explore the significance of various factors on the choices made between different types of child care. In part one, we use a simulation exercise to show the impact of cost and availability on child care choices. In part two, we present the results of an explorative econometric analysis using a matched data set for 1998 from the Bank of Italy (SHIW) and ISTAT Multiscopo. We find evidence that factors related to family composition and support as well as to the characteristics of child care are important in explaining the choices made by Italian families. Assistance provided by grandmothers and husbands appears to be of crucial significance to Italian mothers who are seeking to reconcile the difficulties stemming from the rigidity of the labor market and the limitations of child care. Rationing, both of public and private child care, also proves to be an important factor affecting households' choices. An understanding of the importance of these factors is relevant in the evaluation of social policies encouraging mothers' participation in the labor market in Italy.

Keywords: labor market decisions, child care

JEL Classification: J2, C3, D1

Suggested Citation

Del Boca, Daniela and Locatelli, Marilena and Vuri, Daniela, Child Care Choices by Italian Households (January 2004). IZA Discussion Paper No. 983. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=494084

Daniela Del Boca (Contact Author)

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Turin, TO
Italy

Marilena Locatelli

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Lungo Dora Siena, 100A
Torino, 10156
Italy
+39 011 6703894 (Phone)
+39 011 6703895 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.de.unito.it/web/member/locatelli/personal-inf.htm

Daniela Vuri

University of Rome Tor Vergata ( email )

Via di Tor Vergata
Rome, Lazio 00133
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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