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When Are 'Female' Occupations Paying More?

Stepan Jurajda

CERGE-EI; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic

Heike Harmgart

Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin

January 2004

IZA Discussion Paper No. 985

We compare the importance of occupational gender segregation for the gender wage gap in East and West Germany in 1995 using a sample of social-security wage records of full-time workers. East Germany, which features a somewhat higher degree of occupational segregation, has a gender wage gap on the order of one fifth of the West German gap. Segregation is not related to the West German wage gap, but in East Germany, wages of both men and women are higher in predominantly female occupations. East German female employees apparently have better observable and unobservable characteristics than their male colleagues. These findings are in contrast to a large U.S. literature, but are consistent with the imposition of high wage levels in East Germany at the outset of reforms and the selection of only high-skill women into employment. Finally, conditioning on unobservable labor quality differences using the longitudinal dimension of the data, there is a negligible impact of segregation in both parts of Germany.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 38

Keywords: occupational segregation, gender wage gap

JEL Classification: J16, J21, J71

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Date posted: February 10, 2004  

Suggested Citation

Jurajda, Stepan and Harmgart, Heike, When Are 'Female' Occupations Paying More? (January 2004). IZA Discussion Paper No. 985. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=494105

Contact Information

Stepan Jurajda (Contact Author)
CERGE-EI ( email )
Politickych veznu 7
Prague 1, 111 21
Czech Republic
HOME PAGE: http://www.cerge-ei.cz
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic
Narodni 3, 111 42
Economics Institute
Praha 1
Czech Republic
Heike Harmgart
Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin ( email )
Unter den Linden 6
D-10178 Berlin, 10099
Feedback to SSRN

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