Realized Variance and Market Microstructure Noise

58 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2004

See all articles by Peter Reinhard Hansen

Peter Reinhard Hansen

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Department of Economics; Copenhagen Business School, Finance; Aarhus University - CREATES

Asger Lunde

Aarhus University - School of Economics and Management; CREATES

Date Written: July 10, 2005

Abstract

We study market microstructure noise in high-frequency data and analyze its implications for the realized variance (RV) under a general specification for the noise. We show that kernel-based estimators can unearth important characteristics of marketmicrostructure noise and that a simple kernel-based estimator dominates the RV for the estimation of integrated variance (IV). An empirical analysis of the Dow Jones Industrial Average stocks reveals that market microstructure noise is time-dependent and correlated with increments in the efficient price. This has important implications for volatility estimation based on high-frequency data. Finally, we apply cointegration techniques to decompose transaction prices and bid-ask quotes into an estimate of the efficient price and noise. This framework enables us to study the dynamic effects on transaction prices and quotes caused by changes in the efficient price.

Keywords: Realized variance, realized volatility, integrated variance, market microstructure noise, bias correction, high-frequency data, sampling schemes

JEL Classification: C10, C22, C80

Suggested Citation

Hansen, Peter Reinhard and Lunde, Asger, Realized Variance and Market Microstructure Noise (July 10, 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=506542 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.506542

Peter Reinhard Hansen (Contact Author)

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Department of Economics ( email )

Chapel Hill, NC 27599
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/peterreinhardhansen/

Copenhagen Business School, Finance ( email )

Solbjerg Plads 3
Frederiksberg C, DK - 2000
Denmark

Aarhus University - CREATES ( email )

School of Economics and Management
Building 1322, Bartholins Alle 10
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark

Asger Lunde

Aarhus University - School of Economics and Management ( email )

Aarhus
Denmark

CREATES ( email )

School of Economics and Management
Building 1322, Bartholins Alle 10
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark

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