Global Collective Bargaining on Flag of Convenience Shipping

21 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2004

See all articles by Nathan Lillie

Nathan Lillie

University of Helsinki; University of Jyväskylä


The most significant case of transnational union bargaining co-ordination in existence is in the maritime shipping industry. A global union association, the International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF), and a global employers' federation, the International Maritime Employers' Committee (IMEC), now negotiate over pay scales for seafarers on Flag of Convenience (FOC) ships. These negotiations set the pattern for pay and working conditions for a significant portion of the global seafaring work-force. The ITF brought about global wage bargaining by building and enforcing a global inter-union consensus between developed and developing countries around a uniform wage rate.

Suggested Citation

Lillie, Nathan, Global Collective Bargaining on Flag of Convenience Shipping. Available at SSRN:

Nathan Lillie (Contact Author)

University of Helsinki

University of Helsinki
Helsinki, FIN-00014

University of Jyväskylä ( email )

Seminaarinkatu 30
Jyväskylä, 40100

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