Unwilling or Unable? Spatial, Institutional and Socio-Economic Restrictions on Females' Labor Market Access

25 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2004

See all articles by Maarten van Ham

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Felix Büchel

Max Planck Institute for Human Development; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Date Written: February 2004

Abstract

We analyze the effects of regional structures on both females' willingness to work and the probability of being employed for those willing to work. Special permission was granted to link regional data to individual respondents in the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP). Results of a bivariate probit model correcting for sample selection show that high regional unemployment discourages women from entering the labor market. Those who are willing to work find it easier to do so if living in regions with low regional unemployment rates, short distances to the next agglomeration, and - for mothers - a high density of childcare provision.

Keywords: female labor supply, regional labor markets, childcare provision, bivariate probit model, Germany

JEL Classification: R23, J13, J21, J64

Suggested Citation

van Ham, Maarten and Büchel, Felix, Unwilling or Unable? Spatial, Institutional and Socio-Economic Restrictions on Females' Labor Market Access (February 2004). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1034. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=516922

Maarten Van Ham (Contact Author)

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Felix Büchel

Max Planck Institute for Human Development ( email )

Lentzeallee 94
D-14195 Berlin, 14195
Germany
+49 30 8240 6427 (Phone)
+49 30 8249 939 (Fax)

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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