Bank Privatization in Developing and Developed Countries: Cross-Sectional Evidence on the Impact of Economic and Political Factors
48 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2004
Date Written: September 28, 2004
We examine how political, institutional, and economic factors are related to a country's decision to privatize state-owned banks. Using a comprehensive panel of 101 countries from 1982 to 2000, we find that the determinants of this decision differ markedly between OECD and non-OECD nations. Political factors significantly affect the likelihood of bank privatization only in developing countries. Specifically, in non-OECD countries, a bank privatization is more likely the more accountable the government is to its people. In contrast, none of our political variables affects the bank privatization decision in developed countries. Economic factors (such as the quality of the nation's banking sector) are significant determinants of bank privatization in both OECD and non-OECD nations.
Keywords: Privatization, bank, developing countries
JEL Classification: G15, G21, G38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation