A Perfect Storm: Mercury and the Bush Administration

18 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2004

See all articles by Lisa Heinzerling

Lisa Heinzerling

Georgetown University Law Center

Rena I. Steinzor

University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law; Center for Progressive Reform


In December 2003, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a rule for mercury emissions from power plants and issued a final rule for mercury emissions from chlor-alkali facilities. Regarding power plants, EPA had previously found that mercury posed the most serious threat among the hazardous air pollutants emitted by power plants, and also that regulation of mercury from power plants was appropriate and necessary under section 112 of the Clean Air Act, which requires stringent technology-based regulation for hazardous air pollutants. Despite section 112's clear rejection of emissions trading as a compliance option, EPA has proposed to allow commercial trading in this highly toxic substance. In addressing mercury from chlor-alkali plants, EPA admitted that approximately 65 tons of mercury from these plants (more than the total emitted by U.S. power plants) are unaccounted for, and allowed the plants using the most antiquated technology to continue to do so indefinitely. The first of a two-part series, this article canvases the science and law on mercury emissions, and finds that EPA's decisions are deeply defective in both realms. The next installment will examine the agency's decisions from the perspective of economics and environmental justice.

Suggested Citation

Heinzerling, Lisa and Steinzor, Rena I., A Perfect Storm: Mercury and the Bush Administration. U of Maryland Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2004-10; Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 521322; Environmental Law Reporter, Vol. 34, pp. 10297-10313, April 2004. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=521322

Lisa Heinzerling (Contact Author)

Georgetown University Law Center ( email )

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001
United States

Rena I. Steinzor

University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law ( email )

500 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201-1786
United States

Center for Progressive Reform ( email )

500 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
United States

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