Wage Discrimination, Segregation, and Sex Differences in Wages and Productivity within and between Plants

29 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2004

See all articles by Judith K. Hellerstein

Judith K. Hellerstein

University of Maryland - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

David Neumark

University of California, Irvine - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

We use panel data on Israeli manufacturing plants to test two explanations of lower wages and lower productivity in plants with a higher percentage of females: (1) within plants, women are paid less and are less productive, consistent with no discrimination, and (2) women are segregated into lower-wage and lower-productivity plants. Although the variation in productivity across plants appears to stem from differences in productivity between men and women, the estimates suggest no within-plant wage differential between men and women.

Suggested Citation

Hellerstein, Judith K. and Neumark, David, Wage Discrimination, Segregation, and Sex Differences in Wages and Productivity within and between Plants. Industrial Relations, Vol. 37, pp. 232-260, April 1998. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=522024

Judith K. Hellerstein (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

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David Neumark

University of California, Irvine - Department of Economics ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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