Equilibrium Unemployment and Investment Under Product and Labour Market Imperfections

37 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2004

See all articles by Heikki Kauppi

Heikki Kauppi

University of Turku - Department of Economics; Bank of Finland - Research; University of Helsinki - Department of Political and Economic Studies

Erkki Koskela

University of Helsinki - Department of Political and Economic Studies; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Bank of Finland - Research Department; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Rune Stenbacka

Hanken School of Economics

Date Written: March 2004

Abstract

We study the implications of product market competition and investment for price setting, wage bargaining and thereby for equilibrium unemployment in an economy with product and labour market imperfections. We show that intensified product market competition will reduce equilibrium unemployment, whereas the effect of increased capital intensity is more complex. Higher capital intensity will decrease the equilibrium unemployment when the elasticity of substitution between capital and labour is less than one, while the reverse happens when this elasticity is higher than one but smaller than the elasticity of substitution between products. Finally, we demonstrate how labour and product market imperfections, characterized by the wage and price setting mark-ups, affect the optimal capital stock. Our findings raise important questions for future empirical research.

Keywords: equilibrium unemployment, product market imperfections, investment, wage bargaining

JEL Classification: E22, E24, J51, L11

Suggested Citation

Kauppi, Heikki and Koskela, Erkki and Stenbacka, Rune, Equilibrium Unemployment and Investment Under Product and Labour Market Imperfections (March 2004). Bank of Finland Research Discussion Paper No. 11/2004; IZA Dicussion Paper Series No. 1058. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=523242 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.523242

Heikki Kauppi

University of Turku - Department of Economics ( email )

20014 Turku
Finland

Bank of Finland - Research ( email )

P.O. Box 160
FIN-00101 Helsinki
Finland

University of Helsinki - Department of Political and Economic Studies

P.O. Box 54
FIN-00014 Helsinki
Finland

Erkki Koskela (Contact Author)

University of Helsinki - Department of Political and Economic Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 54
FIN-00014 Helsinki
Finland
+358 9 191 8894 (Phone)
+358 9 191 8877 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.cesifo.de/servlet/page?_pageid=56&_dad=portal30&_schema=PORTAL30&pa_id=7298

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.CESifo.de

Bank of Finland - Research Department ( email )

P.O. Box 160
FIN-00101 Helsinki
Finland

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Rune Stenbacka

Hanken School of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 479
FI-00101 Helsinki, 00101
Finland
+35 89 4313 3433 (Phone)
+35 89 4313 3382 (Fax)

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