Agri-Environmental Policies in a Transition Economy: Using a Choice Experiment to Value Agricultural Biodiversity on Hungarian Small Farms

40 Pages Posted: 29 Apr 2004

See all articles by Ekin Birol

Ekin Birol

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Ágnes Gyovai

Institute of Environmental and Landscape Management, Szent István University; Institute for Agrobotany

Melinda Smale

Bioversity International; International Maize And Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)

Date Written: March 2004

Abstract

Agricultural biodiversity is a crucial environmental resource. Much of the agricultural biodiversity remaining today is found on the semi-subsistence farms of poorer countries and on the small-scale farms and home gardens of more industrialised nations. The traditional Hungarian home gardens, which serve as small farms, are an example. Historically, these home gardens have served important functions related to food security, diet quality, and local culture. Some policies related to European Union accession threaten the survival of traditional home gardens in Hungary's transitional economy. This paper applies the choice experiment method to estimate the value farmers themselves attach to the agricultural biodiversity still found in these micro-agroecosystems. One of several related studies, its aim is to enhance policy understanding of the role of Hungarian small farms and home gardens in the National Agri-Environmental Programme. The analysis is based on primary data collected in three environmentally sensitive areas of Hungary where pilot agri-environmental programmes have been initiated. Findings demonstrate the variation in values farmers assign to home gardens across regions and households, with implications for the design of efficient public conservation programmes.

Keywords: Agricultural biodiversity, Conservation, Choice experiment method, Hungary, Home garden

JEL Classification: Q12, Q18, Q26

Suggested Citation

Birol, Ekin and Gyovai, Ágnes and Smale, Melinda, Agri-Environmental Policies in a Transition Economy: Using a Choice Experiment to Value Agricultural Biodiversity on Hungarian Small Farms (March 2004). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=524562 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.524562

Ekin Birol (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Ágnes Gyovai

Institute of Environmental and Landscape Management, Szent István University ( email )

Godollo
Hungary

Institute for Agrobotany ( email )

Kulsomezo 15
Tapioszele 2766
Hungary

Melinda Smale

Bioversity International ( email )

Via dei Tre Denari 427/a
Maccarese, 00057
Italy

International Maize And Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)

Apdo. Postal 6-641
Texcoco, El Batan 06600
Mexico

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