Monitoring, Liquidation, and Security Design
Review of Financial Studies, Vol. 11 No. 1
Posted: 18 Dec 1997
By identifying the possibility of imposing a credible threat of liquidation as the key role of informed (bank) finance in a moral hazard context, we characterize the circumstances under which a mixture of informed and uninformed (market) finance is optimal, and explain why bank debt is typically secured, senior, and tightly held. We also show that the effectiveness of mixed finance may be impaired by the possibility of collusion between the firms and their informed lenders, and that in the optimal renegotiation-proof contract informed debt capacity will be exhausted before appealing to supplementary uninformed finance.
JEL Classification: JEL: G32, D82
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation