41 Pages Posted: 13 Apr 2004
Date Written: March 2004
This paper estimates the effects of family-background characteristics on student performance in the US and 17 Western European school systems. Family background has strong effects both in Europe and the United States, remarkably similar in size. France and Flemish Belgium achieve the most equitable performance for students from different family backgrounds, and Britain and Germany the least. Equality of opportunities is unrelated to countries' mean performance. Quantile regressions show little variation in family-background effects across the ability distribution in most countries.
Keywords: equality of opportunity, student performance, family background, TIMSS, equity-efficiency tradeoff, intergenerational mobility
JEL Classification: I21, J62, H52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Woessmann, Ludger, How Equal are Educational Opportunities? Family Background and Student Achievement in Europe and the US (March 2004). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 1162. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=528209