Meta-Cognitive Experiences in Consumer Judgment and Decision Making

Journal of Consumer Psychology, September 2004

59 Pages Posted: 17 Jun 2004 Last revised: 25 Jun 2009

See all articles by Norbert Schwarz

Norbert Schwarz

University of Southern California - Department of Psychology

Abstract

Human reasoning is accompanied by meta-cognitive experiences, most notably the ease or difficulty of recall and thought generation and the fluency with which new information can be processed. These experiences are informative in their own right. They can serve as a basis of judgment in addition to, or at the expense of, declarative information and can qualify the conclusions drawn from recalled content. What exactly people conclude from a given meta-cognitive experience depends on the naïve theory of mental processes they bring to bear, rendering the outcomes highly variable. The obtained judgments cannot be predicted on the basis of accessible declarative information alone; we cannot understand human judgment without taking the interplay of declarative and experiential information into account.

Keywords: Judgment, Decision Making, Feeling, Fluency, Ease of recall

JEL Classification: M31

Suggested Citation

Schwarz, Norbert, Meta-Cognitive Experiences in Consumer Judgment and Decision Making. Journal of Consumer Psychology, September 2004. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=532222

Norbert Schwarz (Contact Author)

University of Southern California - Department of Psychology ( email )

3620 S. McClintock Ave
Los Angeles, CA 90089-1061
United States

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