New Mothers' Labour Force Participation in Italy: The Role of Job Characteristics

37 Pages Posted: 22 Apr 2004

See all articles by Massimiliano Bratti

Massimiliano Bratti

Università degli Studi di Milano - DEAS; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Global Labor Organization (GLO)

Emilia Del Bono

Institute for Social and Economic Research; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Daniela Vuri

University of Rome Tor Vergata; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Date Written: April 2004

Abstract

In this paper we use newly available individual-level data from the Longitudinal Survey of Italian Households to investigate the factors affecting female labour force participation after the birth of the first child. We focus on the effects of pre-marital job characteristics and find that working without a contract has a negative effect on new mothers' participation, while working in the public sector or in a large private firm increases the probability of participation after childbearing. We suggest that these effects could be at least partly attributed to differences in the level of job protection and employment stability enjoyed by workers. This implies that in Italy women with highly protected and stable jobs find it easier to combine career and family, while those who are less sheltered by the legislation are more likely to withdraw from the labour force after becoming mothers.

Keywords: childbirth, employment, informal sector, job protection, private, public

JEL Classification: J13, J21, J23, O17, C3

Suggested Citation

Bratti, Massimiliano and Del Bono, Emilia and Vuri, Daniela, New Mothers' Labour Force Participation in Italy: The Role of Job Characteristics (April 2004). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=533688 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.533688

Massimiliano Bratti

Università degli Studi di Milano - DEAS ( email )

Via Conservatorio, 7
I-20122 Milano
Italy

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Global Labor Organization (GLO) ( email )

Emilia Del Bono (Contact Author)

Institute for Social and Economic Research ( email )

Wivenhoe Park
Colchester CO4 3SQ
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.iser.essex.ac.uk/staff/staff-details.php?personID=678

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Daniela Vuri

University of Rome Tor Vergata ( email )

Via di Tor Vergata
Rome, Lazio 00133
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

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