Citations (2)


Footnotes (132)



Let's Mess With Texas

Vasan Kesavan


Michael Stokes Paulsen

University of Minnesota Law School

Texas Law Review, Vol. 82, pp. 1587-1620, 2004

Texas Republicans have been thinking waaaaay too small. The redistricting battles of 2003-2004 are nothing compared to the powerful political potential posed by Texas's prerogative, confererred by an Act of Congress, to divide itself into five states. A relatively obscure provision of the 1845 Joint Resolution for Annexing Texas to the United States provides that [n]ew States, of convenient size, not exceeding four in number, in addition to said State of Texas, and having sufficient population, may hereafter by the consent of said State, be formed out of the territory thereof, which shall be entitled to admission under the provisions of the federal constitution. This Essay argues, building on our earlier work concerning the constitutionality of the creation of West Virginia, that Article IV, Section 3 of the Constitution permits new states to be carved out of existing ones, with the consent of Congress and the states involved. The New States language of the 1845 Joint Resolution, the Texas Tots provision, constitutes the still-operative, legally-valid grant of Congress's consent to Texas's subdivision into five states. All that remains is for Texas to take up Congress's standing offer.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 35

Open PDF in Browser Download This Paper

Date posted: April 22, 2004  

Suggested Citation

Kesavan, Vasan and Stokes Paulsen, Michael, Let's Mess With Texas. Texas Law Review, Vol. 82, pp. 1587-1620, 2004. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=534382

Contact Information

Vasan Kesavan (Contact Author)
Independent ( email )
No Address Available
Michael Stokes Paulsen
University of Minnesota Law School ( email )
229 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States
612-625-0018 (Phone)
612-625-2011 (Fax)

Feedback to SSRN

Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 5,556
Downloads: 474
Download Rank: 45,841
Citations:  2
Footnotes:  132