Competition in Law Enforcement and Capital Allocation
CIRPEE Working Paper No. 04-08
25 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2004
Date Written: April 2004
This paper studies interjurisdictional competition in the fight against crime and its impact on occupational choice and the allocation of capital. In a world where capital is mobile, jurisdictions are inhabited by individuals who choose to become workers or criminals. Because the return of the two occupations depends on capital, and because investment in capital in a jurisdiction depends on its crime rate, there is a bi-directional relationship between capital investment and crime which may lead to capital concentration. By investing in costly law enforcement, a jurisdiction makes the choice of becoming a criminal less attractive, which reduces the number of criminals and makes its territory more secure. This increased security increases the attractiveness of the jurisdiction for investors and this can eventually translate into more capital being invested. We characterize the Nash equilibria - some entailing a symmetric outcome, others an asymmetric one - and study their efficiency.
Keywords: Crime, Occupational Choice, Capital, Law Enforcement
JEL Classification: K42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation