The Determinants of Venture Capital Portfolio Size: Empirical Evidence
Posted: 8 May 2004 Last revised: 11 Sep 2008
This paper explores factors that affect portfolio size among a sample of venture capital financing data from 214 Canadian funds. Four categories of factors affect portfolio size: (1) the venture capital funds' characteristics, including the type of fund, fund duration, fundraising, and the number of venture capital fund managers; (2) the entrepreneurial firms' characteristics, including stage of development, technology, and geographic location; (3) the nature of the financing transactions, including staging, syndication and capital structure; and (4) market conditions. The data further indicate decreasing returns to scale in the number of entrepreneurial firms financed by a venture capital fund.
Keywords: Venture capital portfolio, returns to scale, entrepreneurship
JEL Classification: G24, G28, G32, G38
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