Employment and Child Care Decisions of Women and the Well-Being of Their Children

IPR Working Paper Series No. WP-03-03

51 Pages Posted: 15 May 2004

See all articles by Raquel Bernal

Raquel Bernal

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 12, 2004

Abstract

This paper develops and estimates a dynamic model of employment and child care decisions of women after birth in order to i) characterize women's behavior after birth and ii) evaluate the effects of mothers' decisions on children's cognitive ability. I use data from the NLSY to estimate the model. Results indicate that the effects of maternal employment and child care on childen's ability are negative and rather sizeable. One year of maternal full-time work and child care use is associated with a 2% reduction in ability test scores. Finally, I assess the impact of policies related to parental leave and child care on women's decisions and children's outcomes.

Keywords: Employment, child care, child development

JEL Classification: D1, J1, J22

Suggested Citation

Bernal, Raquel, Employment and Child Care Decisions of Women and the Well-Being of Their Children (February 12, 2004). IPR Working Paper Series No. WP-03-03, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=546143 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.546143

Raquel Bernal (Contact Author)

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

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