Expropriation vs. Proportional Sharing in Corporate Acquisitions
51 Pages Posted: 20 May 2004
Date Written: May 2004
An important and growing literature in finance points to existence of considerable benefits to being a controlling shareholder, especially when legal protection of minority shareholders is weak, and when separation of ownership from control is high. At the same time, the substantial and well established literature on mergers often finds these key corporate events to be subject to agency costs. Relying on these two arguments, we employ a novel application of the Bertrand et al. (2002) insight to study the hypothesis that controlling shareholders use acquisitions to expropriate resources to their benefit. The findings do not allow us to reject the null hypothesis of proportional sharing of acquisition gains in favor of the alternative hypothesis of expropriation of bidder's minority shareholders.
Keywords: M&As, expropriation, controlling shareholder
JEL Classification: G3, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation