Identifying the Effects of the Americans with Disabilities Act Using State-Law Variation: Preliminary Evidence on Educational Participation Effects

17 Pages Posted: 24 May 2004  

Christine Jolls

Yale Law School; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Abstract

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) broadly prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment and other settings. Several empirical studies have suggested that employment levels of individuals with disabilities declined rather than increased after the ADA's passage. This paper provides a first look at whether lower disabled employment levels after the ADA might have resulted from increased participation in educational opportunities by individuals with disabilities as a rational response to the ADA's employment protections. The main empirical finding is that individuals with disabilities who were not employed in the years following legal innovation in the form of the ADA were more likely than their pre-ADA counterparts to give educational participation as their reason for not being employed. This preliminary evidence suggests the value of further study, with better education data, of the relationship between the ADA's enactment and disabled participation in educational opportunities.

JEL Classification: I18, I21, I28, J18, J71, J78, K31

Suggested Citation

Jolls, Christine, Identifying the Effects of the Americans with Disabilities Act Using State-Law Variation: Preliminary Evidence on Educational Participation Effects. American Economic Review, May 2004. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=549221

Christine Jolls (Contact Author)

Yale Law School ( email )

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New Haven, CT 06520
United States
203.432.1958 (Phone)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Cambridge, MA 02138
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