On the Determinants of Entrepreneurial Activity: Individual Characteristics, Economic Environment, and Social Norms

37 Pages Posted: 21 Feb 2005

See all articles by Mariassunta Giannetti

Mariassunta Giannetti

Stockholm School of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI); Swedish House of Finance

Andrei Simonov

Michigan State University - Eli Broad Graduate School of Management; Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: June 2004

Abstract

This paper reviews the literature on the determinants of entrepreneurial activity and investigates to what extent differences in population, business environment and cultural values contribute to explaining differences in entrepreneurial activity across Swedish municipalities. Individual characteristics and business environment are the most important factors in explaining entrepreneurial choice. However, we find that cultural values and, most likely, social norms also matter. The data suggest that individuals are more likely to become entrepreneurs where there are more entrepreneurs, even if entrepreneurial income is lower. We explain why and to what extent this may be interpreted as evidence of social norms.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial choice, social interactions, social norms, agglomeration economies

JEL Classification: M13, J24, Z13, R12

Suggested Citation

Giannetti, Mariassunta and Simonov, Andrei, On the Determinants of Entrepreneurial Activity: Individual Characteristics, Economic Environment, and Social Norms (June 2004). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=554511 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.554511

Mariassunta Giannetti

Stockholm School of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 6501
Sveavagen 65
SE-113 83 Stockholm
Sweden
+46 8 736 9607 (Phone)
+46 8 312 327 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/mariassuntagiannetti/Home

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

c/o ECARES ULB CP 114
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://www.ecgi.org

Swedish House of Finance ( email )

Drottninggatan 98
111 60 Stockholm
Sweden

Andrei Simonov (Contact Author)

Michigan State University - Eli Broad Graduate School of Management ( email )

645 N. Shaw Lane, 321 Eppley Center
East Lansing, MI 48824-1122
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.andreisimonov.com

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) ( email )

Vernadskogo Prospect 82
Moscow, 119571
Russia

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

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