The Stabilizing Role of Government Size
27 Pages Posted: 11 Jun 2004
Date Written: May 2004
This Paper presents an analysis of how alternative models of the business cycle can replicate the stylized fact that large governments are associated with less volatile economies. Our analysis shows that adding nominal rigidities and costs of capital adjustment to an otherwise standard RBC model can generate a negative correlation between government size and the volatility of output. In the model, however, we find that the stabilizing effect is only due to a composition effect and it is not present when we look at the volatility of private output. Given that empirically we also observe a negative correlation between government size and the volatility of consumption, we modify the model by introducing rule-of-thumb consumers. In this modified version of our initial model, we observe that consumption volatility is also reduced when government size increases.
Keywords: Government size, output volatility, automatic stabilizers
JEL Classification: E32, E52, E63
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation