Heterogeneous Information About the Term Structure of Interest Rates, Least-Squares Learning and Optimal Interest Rate Rules for Inflation Targeting
CentER Discussion Paper No. 2004-14
53 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2004
Date Written: 2004
In this paper, we incorporate the term structure of interest rates in a standard inflation forecast targeting framework. Learning about the transmission process of monetary policy is introduced by having heterogeneous agents - i.e., the central bank and private agents - who have different information sets about the future sequence of short-term interest rates. We analyse inflation forecast targeting in two environments. One in which the central bank has perfect knowledge, in the sense that it understands and observes the process by which private sector interest rate expectations are generated, and one in which the central bank has imperfect knowledge and has to learn the private sector forecasting rule for short-term interest rates. In the case of imperfect knowledge, the central bank has to learn about private sector interest rate expectations, as the latter affect the impact of monetary policy through the expectations theory of the term structure of interest rates. Here, following Evans and Honkapohja (2001), the learning scheme we investigate is that of least-squares learning (recursive OLS) using the Kalman filter. We find that optimal monetary policy under learning is a policy that separates estimation and control. Therefore, this model suggests that the practical relevance of the breakdown of the separation principle and the need for experimentation in policy may be limited.
Keywords: Information, term structure of interest rates, least squares, optimization, inflation, forecasting, learning, rational expectations, Kalman filter
JEL Classification: C53, E43, E52, F33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation