Approval of Equal Rights and Gender Differences in Well-Being

36 Pages Posted: 30 Jun 2004

See all articles by Rafael Lalive

Rafael Lalive

University of Lausanne - Department of Economics (DEEP); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Alois Stutzer

University of Basel - Faculty of Business and Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: July 2004

Abstract

Women earn less than men but are not less satisfied with life. This paper argues that norms on the appropriate pay for women compared to men explain these findings. We take citizens' approval of an equal rights amendment to the Swiss constitution as a proxy for the norm that women and men shall have the right to equal pay for work of equal value. We find that the gender wage gap narrows by one fifth due to an increase by one standard deviation in the approval. Rejecting an explanation in terms of discrimination, we find that employed women are less (not more) satisfied with life in liberal communities where the gender wage gap is smaller.

Keywords: Equal rights, gender discrimination, gender wage gap, social norms, subjective well-being

JEL Classification: I31, J16, J31, J70, Z13

Suggested Citation

Lalive, Rafael and Stutzer, Alois, Approval of Equal Rights and Gender Differences in Well-Being (July 2004). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 1245; IZA Discussion Paper No. 1202; IEW Working Paper No. 194. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=560622

Rafael Lalive (Contact Author)

University of Lausanne - Department of Economics (DEEP) ( email )

BFSH1
Lausanne, 1015
Switzerland

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Alois Stutzer

University of Basel - Faculty of Business and Economics ( email )

Peter Merian-Weg 6
4002 Basel
Switzerland
0041 61 267 3361 (Phone)
0041 61 267 3340 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.wwz.unibas.ch/stutzer/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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