Dynamics of Labor Demand: Evidence from Plant-Level Observations and Aggregate Implications
FRB of Kansas City Research Working Paper No. 03-12
29 Pages Posted: 5 Aug 2004
Date Written: December 2003
This paper studies the dynamics of labor demand at the micro and aggregate level. The correlation of hours and employment growth is negative at the plant level and positive in aggregate time series. Further, hours and employment growth are about equally volatile at the plant level while hours growth is much less volatile than employment growth in the aggregate data. Given these differences, we specify and estimate the parameters of a plant-level dynamic optimization problem using simulated method of moments to match plant-level observations. Our findings indicate that non-convex adjustment costs are critical for explaining plant-level moments on hours and employment. Aggregation generates time-series implications which are broadly consistent with observation. Further, we find that a model with quadratic adjustment costs alone can also broadly match the aggregate facts.
Keywords: Adjustment Costs, Employment, Aggregate Employment
JEL Classification: E24, J23, J6
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation