Might Fundamental Tax Reform Increase Criminal Activity?

10 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2004


Fundamental tax reform, replacing the income tax with a sales tax, is commonly thought to reduce levels of criminal and other 'underground' economic activity by implicitly taxing their returns. This paper finds instead that the impact of tax reform depends on the relative labour intensity of production in the legitimate and illegitimate sectors of the economy. In the likely event that illegitimate output is produced by using more labour-intensive techniques than is legitimate output, then replacing an income tax with a sales tax reduces the cost of criminal and other underground activity, thereby stimulating its growth.

Suggested Citation

Hines, James Rodger, Might Fundamental Tax Reform Increase Criminal Activity?. Economica, Vol. 71, No. 283, pp. 483-492, August 2004. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=562274

James Rodger Hines (Contact Author)

University of Michigan ( email )

625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States


1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Register to save articles to
your library


Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics